The human musculoskeletal system has a lot of moving parts. It includes the spine as well as all of the bones/joints in the hands, arms, legs, and feet. With so many moving parts, the musculoskeletal system is always vulnerable to injuries, trauma, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders.
Anyone who suffers with any of the above injuries may qualify for surgery. In some cases, the pain can get so bad that it becomes debilitating. When that happens, a surgical procedure may become necessary.

About Orthopedics

Orthopedics is a branch of surgery that focuses on treating moderate to severe conditions that affect the aforementioned musculoskeletal system.
Here is a partial list of some common surgical procedures that would fall under this category:

Knee arthroscopy and meniscectomy
Knee replacement
Shoulder arthroscopy and decompression
Repair of femoral neck fracture
Hip replacement
Lumbar spinal fusion
Low back intervertebral disc surgery
Repair of ankle fracture (fibula)
Repair of femoral shaft fracture
Repair of rotator cuff tendon
Carpal tunnel release


The Surgical Process

Prior to performing a surgical procedure, surgeons need to secure proper imaging of the area of the body that is causing their patients discomfort. Imaging refers to processes like X-rays, MRIs, and CT scans.

Once the problem area has been properly identified, the surgeon has a couple of different surgical procedures from which they can choose.

The most intrusive surgical option requires the surgeon to perform an operation on the patient. This is the option surgeons use for major bone repair/ reconstruction procedures.

If the patient’s issue lies in one of their joint areas, the surgeon can use a less intrusive Arthroscopy procedure. With this type of procedure, the surgeon would only need to make a small incision into which they can place an arthroscope to get at the issue.

After going through these types of procedures, patients will typically need to go through physical therapy to re-establish proper body function.