Diabetes is a disease where there are problems with how the body makes and uses the hormone called insulin. In the healthy individual, the pancreas releases insulin to help your body store and use the sugar and fat from the food that you consume. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas makes too little or no insulin. It also can be where the body doesn’t respond in the right way to the insulin.
Pain and Other Symptoms
Symptoms of the illness include excessive thirst, excessive urination, and blurred vision. You may also become hungrier. This may happen because, since the glucose cannot get into your cells, you will have no energy. This can make you hungrier and more tired than usual.
The only real source of pain from the illness is something called neuropathy. Neuropathy occurs when there is damage to the nerves in your feet or hands from high glucose levels. Neuropathy is experienced as burning or the feeling of pins and needles in your flesh.
The Two Different Types
The type 1 form of the illness occurs when the body no longer produces insulin at all. In this form of the illness, the person is always dependent upon taking insulin shots. In the type 2 form of the illness, either the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the cells of the body become resistant to insulin. Insulin is like a key that opens the body’s cells to be able to receive and use glucose.
What Causes The Illness?
The type 1 version of the illness is known as the juvenile form of the illness. Most people are born with this type of the illness. The type 2 form of the illness is becoming more and more common in the world nowadays. It occurs as the result of obesity and poor diet. Type 2 is quickly becoming one of the most common health problems in the world today.
Diet Recommendations for the Illness
Since the illness results in high blood sugar levels, a restriction on the amount of sugar in the diet is necessary to control those sugar levels. Sugar does not only come in the form of refined sugar. Any carbohydrate is a source of sugar. So, simple carbohydrates, such as white bread and potatoes, must be restricted. They have a high glycemic index. This means that they are quickly broken down by the body into glucose. This can create spikes in glucose levels. For this reason, a person with the illness must control how many simple carbohydrates they consume. A diet high in protein is thus recommended. Most green and leafy vegetables are encouraged to be eaten because they have a low glycemic index.
Is There a Cure for the Illness?
As of now, there is no cure for the illness. Since diabetes is one of the main current health threats, there is a lot of research into trying to find a cure.
Medications for The Illness
Medications for the illness come in the form of oral medications and insulin. The way that treatment works, oral medications are tried first. If they don’t work adequately, then insulin is prescribed and perhaps mixed with the oral medications.
Diagnosing the Illness
Your doctor will diagnose the illness based upon a combination of your symptoms and some lab tests. There is a difference between prediabetes and the mature form of the illness. In prediabetes, the blood sugar levels in your body are only slightly higher than usual. Therefore, your doctor may not treat this form of the illness with any medication. Your doctor will probably order a test called a Hemoglobin A1C. This test measures the average glucose levels in your blood over the last three months. If your sugar levels are elevated, then a diagnosis of the illness will be given. Urine tests will also likely be given. High levels of glucose will show up as excessive sugar in your urine.
The Illness and Disability
People who suffer from the illness nowadays can lead normal lives with treatment, diet, and exercise. The only issue that comes in is where a person suffers complications from the illness. The long-term complications of the illness can include cardiovascular issues that can be debilitating.
Natural and Alternative Treatments for the Illness
Acupuncture is a procedure where a trained professional inserts thin needles into particular places on your skin. There is research that indicates that this procedure can trigger the release of the body’s natural painkillers. People who have painful neuropathy can sometimes achieve relief of their symptoms through this procedure.
This is a technique that can help you become more aware of your pain. When you become more aware of what your pain is like, you can learn to deal with it better. Biofeedback emphasizes relaxation and stress-reduction techniques.
This is a relaxation technique where you think about peaceful mental images to control your pain. People who use this technique say that these images can help ease the pain of their condition.
Natural Dietary Supplements
The benefit of taking chromium has been researched for a while now. This mineral helps make glucose tolerance factor. This seems to make insulin work better. There are several studies that seem to indicate that chromium can help with control of the illness. However, it cannot currently be used as the sole treatment.
Ginseng has been shown to have some sugar-lowering effects, but more research is needed. Researchers have also found that the amount of the compound in ginseng that lowers glucose varies widely from plant to plant.
Magnesium and the Illness
Low magnesium may worsen blood sugar control in the illness. Scientists seem to say that it blocks insulin secretion in the pancreas and increases insulin resistance. Evidence also suggests that a deficiency in the mineral may contribute to some complications. People who get a lot of the mineral in their diet have a lower risk of the illness.
Some women who are pregnant get a form of the illness called gestational diabetes. This form of the illness will most likely go away once the pregnancy is over. Your doctor will treat this form of the illness with medication.
This illness is becoming an epidemic around the world today. Poor diet and lack of exercise seem to be the culprits in what causes the disease. Before the advent of insulin, the illness was very difficult to treat. Now, with insulin and other oral medications, people with the illness can lead long and happy lives. Of course, if you start to see the symptoms of the illness in your body, you need to seek immediate treatment from your doctor.